Belatedly,the COVID-19 is emerging now. After the noise and news global vaccine discoveries had quietened down, came a little-known fact, pleasantly enough, though, for India. The Serum Institute of India, founded over 50 years ago, is the world’s largest manufacturer of vaccines by volume. It is likely to provide not only most of the vaccines administered in India but elsewhere in the world, once exports are permitted later this year.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday said the central government will bear the cost of vaccinating the 30 million healthcare and frontline workers in the first phase of the vaccination drive.
On January 11, the process of transporting Serum Institute’s Covishield vaccine began after the manufacturer had received the central government’s initial purchase order of 11 million (1.1 crore) doses at Rs 200 per dose.
How many types of vaccines are there?
There are broadly four types of vaccine
-a vaccine based on the whole virus (this could be either inactivated, or an attenuated [weakened] virus vaccine);
-a non-replicating viral vector vaccine that uses a benign virus as vector that carries the antigen of SARS-CoV;
-nucleic-acid vaccines that have genetic material like DNA and RNA of antigens like spike protein given to a person, helping human cells decode genetic material and produce the vaccine;
-protein subunit vaccine wherein the recombinant proteins of SARS-COV-2 along with an adjuvant (booster) is given as a vaccine.
How COVID-19 Vaccine will travel from pune,to across India:
A vaccine works by mimicking a natural infection. A vaccine not only induces immune response to protect people from any future COVID-19 infection, but also helps quickly build herd immunity to put an end to the pandemic. Herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus has been fairly stable, which increases the viability of a vaccine.
India to export COVID-19 Vaccine:
First Flight carrying Covid vaccine reaches Delhi .
India makes about 60% of vaccines globally and many countries are eagerly waiting for it to begin shipping doses. India is planning one of the world’s biggest inoculation programmers, seeking to immunise about 300 million people by July.
The foreign ministry official confirmed that India’s plan to help other countries was on track. “Within a fortnight of the rollout of the vaccines we will allow exports to some of our South Asian neighbours. Some of these exports will be paid by us as gifts, and the others will be supplied at roughly the same price the government will be buying the vaccines at,” said the foreign ministry.
The Government has also reportedly inked a deal to purchases 5.5 million doses of Bharat Biotech’s Cocaxin at a cost of Rs 295 per dose.