Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday highlighted India’s adherence to the Paris Climate Agreement at a G20 event, even as the outgoing American President Donald Trump used the same forum to continue his tirade against the 2016 accord alleging that it was “designed to kill” the economy of the United States.
“Climate change must be fought, not in silos, but in an integrated, comprehensive and holistic way,” Modi said, even as Trump defended his June 2017 decision to withdraw the United States from the Paris Climate Agreement – a decision, which his successor joe biden already pledged to reverse.
China’s President Xi Jinping too stressed on the need “to follow the guidance of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and push for the full and effective implementation of the Paris Agreement”
“I am glad to share that India is not only meeting our Paris Agreement targets, but also exceeding them,” the Prime Minister said. “We aim to restore 26 million hectares of degraded land by 2030; and, we are encouraging a circular economy”.
He said that India’s next-generation infrastructure like metro networks and water-ways would also contribute to a cleaner environment. “We will meet our goal of 175 GW of renewable energy well before the target of 2022. Now, we are taking a big step ahead by seeking to achieve 450gw by 2030”.
What trump said for Paris agreement earlier:
“I refuse to surrender millions of American jobs and sent trillions of American dollars to the world’s worst polluters and environmental offenders – and that’s what would have happened (had the US not withdrawn from the Paris Climate Accord,” Trump said at the G20 side event on Sunday, albeit without directly referring to India or China.
Though the Trump Administration initiated the process of withdrawal from the Paris Climate Accord in June 2017, it came to its end on November 4 this year – just a day after the voting for the US presidential elections ended setting the stage for the US Presidential elections ended settings the stage for the imminent change of regime in the White House.
The Paris Agreement set a long-term goal to limit rise in global average temperature below two degree centigrade above the levels that existed before industrial revolution. The agreement required each country to determine, plan and regularly report on the contribution that it would undertake to mitigate global warming, albeit without forcing a country to set a specific target for lowering emission by a specific date.
Why Us rejoining Paris agreement:
The formal return of the United States to the Paris Agreement on climate change on Friday brings it in line with accelerating action nationally and internationally to ward off climate threats – and could spur more global ambition, analysts said.
The United States rejoined the Paris Agreement on Friday, under its new President Joe Biden after just three months out of the accord.
Re-entering the pact – something Biden put in motion on his first day in office on Jan. 20 – is a far swifter process. “The last four years have been strange ones, with many U.S. states and businesses pressing ahead with decarbonisation and its citizens feeling climate change impacts even as Donald Trump continued to deny the problem and undermine the solutions,” said Richard Black of the UK’s Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit.
In Biden’s first month in office, he has set up a cabinet designed to consider climate concerns in all U.S. policy-making, and pushed through a range of executive orders to reverse Trump policies widely seen as hurting the climate and environment.
Biden has said he intends to use a share of $2 trillion in expected coronavirus stimulus spending to drive a transition to a cleaner and fairer economy, including rolling out a nationwide electric-vehicle charging network.
The United States is formally back in the Paris climate agreement as of Feb. 19, 2021, nearly four years after former President Donald Trump announced it would pull out.
We asked five scholars what the U.S. rejoining the international agreement means for the nation and the rest of the world, including for food security, safety and the changing climate. Nearly every country has ratified the 2015 agreement, which aims to keep global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius. The U.S. was the only one to withdraw.
Finally US is ready to welcome Paris agreement.